Retaining structures

Retaining structures remediation methods

Retaining structures remediation methods

April 3, 2020

Retaining structures are used to retain soil or rock mass. They are commonly used to retain changes of ground elevation and buttress the toe of slopes. There are several types of retaining structures: Gravity retaining walls  Cantilever retaining walls Anchored and reinforced soil structures Gabion retaining walls Collapse of a retaining structure Total collapses of […]

Terramesh system – Reinforced soil retaining structure

Terramesh system – Reinforced soil retaining structure

March 19, 2020

The Terramesh system is one of the systems used in the construction of reinforced soil retaining structures. Reinforced soil retaining structures are executed by combining the embankment behind the front side of the retaining structure with tensile elements such as geomesh, hexagonal mesh, traps, etc. This type of structure is stable thanks to the interaction […]

Top-down construction method

Top-down construction method

January 23, 2020

In most common construction methods, buildings with underground parts are built by the bottom-up method where sub-structure and super-structure floors are constructed sequentially from the lowest level of basement to the top of the building. Though this conventional method, also called a bottom-up method, is simple in both design and construction, it is not feasible […]

Selection of reinforced concrete retaining wall geometry

Selection of reinforced concrete retaining wall geometry

November 15, 2019

Terrain denudation should be secured by a stable slope geometry or retaining wall construction. Due to insufficient space for achieving stable slope geometry, reinforced concrete retaining walls are often constructed. For the purposes of significant projects, exploration and investigation are carried out in order to define the data required for the design. The exploration and […]

Prop loads in embedded retaining structures

Prop loads in embedded retaining structures

October 28, 2019

There are two basic types of retaining structures: backfilled and embedded retaining structures. Backfilled retaining structures are gravity walls, reinforced concrete cantilever walls, gabion walls, reinforced soil structures. Embedded retaining structures are: diaphragm walls, pile walls and sheet pile walls. For smaller open pit depths it is possible to use embedded retaining structures without additional […]

Reinforced soil retaining structures

Reinforced soil retaining structures

January 17, 2019

The stability of reinforced soil retaining structures is based on the interaction of tensile elements (armature) and the surrounding backfilled soil. Their execution is done by the embankment behind the front side of the retaining structure being combined with tensile elements such as geomesh, traps etc. The front side of the structure serves to prevent […]

Gabion walls

Gabion walls

May 11, 2018

Gabion walls – function, application, advantage The word „gabion“ comes from an old italian word, gabbione, that means „big cage“. Around 7000 years ago, early gabion type structures protected the bank of river Nile. In middle ages, gabions were used as military forts. In earlier history, civil engineers have extensively used gabions for stabillization of […]

Lošinj – Design solution for a retaining wall remediation

Lošinj – Design solution for a retaining wall remediation

March 23, 2018

Retaining Wall Remediation The retaining wall is located in the town of Mali Lošinj, along the Veloselska street (state road DC100) next to a sidewalk of the existing road. The wall has the function of a retaining wall for a parking lot located above the road. Cracks, as well as an inclination of the major […]

Remediation of eastern fortification walls in the town of Krk – from geotechnical report to building supervision

Remediation of eastern fortification walls in the town of Krk – from geotechnical report to building supervision

January 15, 2018

Wall remediation of eastern fortification walls   Krk’s fortification walls consist of several town gates, castles and two independent towers. These fortification walls date back to the 6th century BC. Those prehistoric walls were mentioned for the first time in an inscription of their renewal from the 1st century BC, which is situated today in […]